These fact sheets are designed to provide you with information on disease. They are not intended to replace the need for a consultation with your doctor. All clients are strongly advised to check with their doctor about any specific questions or concerns they may have. Every effort has been taken to ensure that the information in this pamphlet is correct at the time of publishing.
Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria (bugs) that are normally only present in the vagina in small numbers. When these bacteria are present in large numbers they may cause symptoms such as an abnormal discharge or odour.
Bacterial vaginosis is sometimes called non specific vaginitis or Gardnerella vaginitis. Read more about Bacterial Vaginosis.
This condition, often known as thrush, is caused by an overgrowth of, or an allergic reaction to a yeast called Candida albicans. This yeast is usually found in many areas of the body and is not considered to be a sexually transmissible infection. Candidiasis is very common. A range of factors may possibly trigger an attack of candidiais although often there is no obvious cause. Read more about Candidiasis.
If you have sexual intercourse and you do not use contraception, you may become pregnant. You may also need emergency contraception if you have missed pills or a condom breaks.
Emergency contraception is available from (cost vary, please contact services directly)
Family Planning 0800372546
Contraception Clinic in ADHB: 0800 527 200 (0800 LARC00)
General Practitioners / Primary Health Care
Community accident and emergency
Auckland Sexual Health - 0800739432
Almost all conditions affecting genital skin will benefit by simple changes to routine skin washing:
Hepatitis is the name given to different illnesses which cause inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis can result from viral infections including Hepatitis A, B and C which can sometimes be sexually transmitted. Information about hepatitis can be found at The Hepatitis Foundation of New Zealand www.hepatitisfoundation.org.nz.
Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection caused by a pox virus. It appears as small firm flesh-coloured bumps with waxy white centres. These can appear anywhere on the body but are common on the genital area, thighs or lower abdomen. Because of their appearance they can be confused with genital warts or pimples. Read more about Molluscum.
PID is the term given to infection of the female reproductive system (the tubes, uterus or womb and ovaries). It is a common and potentially serious complication of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Occasionally PID can occur after certain gynaecological operations. Read more about Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a very small parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis, called "Trich" for short (sounds like trike). World-wide, it is one of the commonest sexually transmitted infections (STI?s) but it is uncommon in New Zealand. The infection is most commonly diagnosed in sexually active females between 16-35 years. It is caught during sexual contact with an infected person. It can be passed by using sex toys, e.g. vibrators. Read more about Trichomoniasis.
Urethritis affects mainly men and means inflammation of the urethra (the urine and semen passage).The urethra can be affected by various sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The most common causes are infection with gonorrhoea and Chlamydia however other bacteria or viruses may be involved. If tests for gonorrhoea and Chlamydia are negative then the urethritis is usually called non-specific (or NSU for short). Read more about Urethritis.
Yaws is a skin infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum pertenue. Treponema pertenue is not found in New Zealand. Until 1961 it was common in the Pacific islands. Between 1959-1961 people from Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands and Tokelau Islands were given injections of penicillin as part of a special World Health Organisation (WHO) campaign to stop the disease. Yaws has not come back in these islands but people who were born before the WHO campaign may still have signs of past infection in their blood and this can be picked up on a blood test. Today Yaws is still seen occasionally in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
The New Zealand AIDS Foundation is a registered charitable trust which works to prevent the transmission of HIV (with particular regard to gay and bisexual men and other high-risk groups), and supporting all New Zealanders living with or affected by HIV, irrespective of age, race, gender or sexual orientation.
The New Zealand Herpes Foundation was founded in 1994 by a group of patients and health professionals in response to the need to provide support and education to people diagnosed with genital herpes. We aim to:
The NZ HPV Project aims to:
The New Zealand Sexual Health Society (NZSHS) Incorporated is a group of professionals working or interested in the field of Sexual Health. Membership is multidisciplinary and includes doctors, nurses, counsellors, educators, health promoters and others in Public Health working in the field of sexually transmissible infections, including HIV/AIDS, and sexual and reproductive health.
OUTLine NZ is a national telephone counselling and information support service for the Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, Takataapui and Bisexual people of New Zealand. It operates from 10 am to 10 pm Monday to Friday and 5 pm to 10 pm on weekends. Call from Auckland 09 309 3268 or outside of Auckland 0800 OUTLINE (0800 6885463)
We are a group of young people who run an organisation providing support, contact and education for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Fa’afafine and Takataapui youth. So what does it mean if you like someone who’s the same sex as you? What if you think you might be Gay? Or Lesbian? Or maybe Bisexual? Well that’s why we’re here.
Our aim at Rainbow Youth is to help young people to discover who they are and find strength in that. We can answer questions, provide information or get you in touch with our social groups Identity, Generation Q and Gender Quest. We’ve been operating since 1989, talking to young people and schools about:
“We’re in every job, we’re every colour, we’re not out to take over the world, just live in it.” Amanda Bearse, Married with Children.
Youthline offer a range of services for young people and their families across New Zealand. Their Youth Help Line 0800 376633 is available 24 hours a day as well as free text support on 234, and email, email@example.com. Youthline also offer face to face, pregnancy and family counselling, training and youth development programmes, seminars, youth work services, information and referrals.
Family Planning works to promote a positive view of sexuality and to enable people to make informed choices about their sexual and reproductive health and well-being. We have 32 clinics nationwide offering a full-range of sexual health services including contraception, Sexually Transmissible Infection checks and treatment, menopause, cervical screening, vasectomy, Pre-Menstrual Syndrome, pregnancy testing and advice and many others...
Auckland Sexual Health Service provides education for Health professionals. We offer the following study days:
We also provide targeted sessions for groups. Please contact us to discuss your requirements.
These reports summarise the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for the year, and examines recent trends.
Using data from sexual health clinics, family planning clinics, student and youth health clinics, and diagnostic laboratories, these reports cover the STIs of public health importance, including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital herpes, genital warts, syphilis, non-specific urethritis, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum.
Possible factors underlying the observed distribution and trends in STIs are discussed.
The Sexual Health Registrar can be contacted on the following number:
021 883 703